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General Information about Faridabad
Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. It is a major industrial city and population centre. The city was founded in 1607 by Sheikh Farid, treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting the highway which passed through the town. He built a fort, a tank and a mosque which are now in ruins. It also had a sarai, a travelers' lodge that served as a last stop for travelers to Delhi. Later, it became the headquarters of a pargana which was held in jagir by the Ballabgarh ruler. Faridabad became the 12th district of Haryana on 15 August 1979.
Faridabad is about 25 Kilometers south of Delhi at 28° 25' 16" North and 77° 18' 28" East. It is bounded by the National Capital Territory of Delhi on its north, Gurgaon District on the west, and Uttar Pradesh state on its east and south. Delhi-Mathura National Highway-2 (Shershah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the district. The city has many Railway Stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway.
Faridabad is now the most populated city of Haryana and it generates about 60% of the revenue of the Haryana state. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon.
Faridabad is famous for henna production, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres are other famous industrial products of the city. For the purposes of civil administration, Faridabad District is divided into two sub divisions, viz. - Faridabad and Ballabgarh. Each subdivision is headed by a sub-divisional officer.
Faridabad is located at 28°26′N 77°19′E / 28.43°N 77.32°E / 28.43; 77.32. It has an average elevation of 198 meters (649 ft). The city is located on the plains of the Yamuna River. It is bordered by the Yamuna to the east and Aravali Hills towards the west and southwest. Today, virtually all of the land has been developed with residential housing as the population of the city swelled during the mid 90s.
Much like the rest of India, the people of Faridabad rely on ground water for their basic needs which is the gift of good monsoon season.
Popular places to visit are the Badhkal Lake, 32 km from Delhi. It is a great retreat to relax amidst birds, the lake and hills, and enjoy some adventure sports like canoeing, trekking, rock climbing and kayaking. You could also visit the Raja Nahar Singh Palace in Ballabgarh, now converted partly into a heritage resort. An 18th century palace, it is said to resemble the palaces of Bharatpur in craftsmanship and beauty.
As of 2001 India census, Faridabad had a population of approx 2,193,276 Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Faridabad has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 60%. In Faridabad, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Old Faridabad, as the northern and oldest part of the city is known, is home to people whose families might have been living in the area for centuries. The ancestry of people is mostly Jats and people from the state of Uttar Pradesh and villages in Haryana.
The western part of the city is called New Industrial Town (abbreviated as NIT). It was built after 1947 for the people who were relocating in India from Pakistan after the Partition of India. Thus most of the people here share their ancestry with modern day Pakistan's regions of Dera Ismail Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bannu, and Kohat. The rapid growth of the city also brought immigrants to the city from other parts of the country. It is said that city was initially planned only for 300,000 people but the total population of the city is well over 2 million today.
Courtesy : Faridabadmarket.com
Travel - Connectivity
Transportation Connectivity for Faridabad
Faridabad is on broad gauge of New Delhi- Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station is about 25 km from Faridabad Station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Chennai, and Hyderabad are easily accessible from here. Local Trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad.
There are three railway stations in the city viz. Faridabad (FDB), New Town Faridabad (FDN) and Ballabgarh (BVH). Earlier it was the last station of central railway, but now it has been taken in Northern railway. It is a very high revenue generating source for railways as thousands of people move daily in local trains to and from Delhi for education/professions.
The National Highway-2 (Delhi-Mathura Road) passes through the city, and thus it is well connected to nearby states. Roadways services of Haryana (Haryana Roadways) and neighboring states like Delhi Transport Corporation, Uttar Pradesh Transport Department, Madhya Pradesh Transport Department, etc. are easily accessible. Delhi Metro Rail is likely to cover the city by 2011 as proposed by the Government of Delhi.
Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi and Palam Domestic Airport, New Delhi.
Accommodations and Landmarks
Hotels Available in Nearby Locality
Location: National Highway on G.T. Road, Ginger Hotel in Faridabad is close to Ajronda Chowk and Neelam Bata Chowk. Situated about 40 kms from the airport and 4 kms from Faridabad railway station, the hotel is easily accessible through the Mathura road (NH-2).
Express Sarovar Portico
Location: Sector 39 ,SurajKund Badkhal Road, Village Lakarpur, Sector 39, Faridabad, Haryana 121010
Park Plaza Hotel
Location: Plot No 1, Sector 21C, Faridabad, Haryana 121003
Vivanta by Taj
Location: Shooting Range Road, Surajkund, Faridabad, Delhi N.C.R 1210001, India
Location: 17-18 Neelam Bata Road, Faridabad, 121001, NCR Delhi, Haryana, India
Magpie Tourist Complex
Location: Magpie Tourist Complex, (A Unit of Haryana Tourism Corporation Ltd.) Sector 16 a, Faridabad - 121001 Haryana (India)
Location: 5E/5 Bungalow Plot Railway Road N.I.T. Faridabad.